Caring for Someone with Parkinson’s Disease:

Carer caring for a elderly patient

A Comprehensive Guide

Caring for someone with Parkinson’s disease can be a challenging yet rewarding experience. Parkinson’s disease is a progressive neurological disorder that affects movement, muscle control, and balance. As the disease progresses, the needs of the person living with Parkinson’s change, requiring caregivers to adapt and provide comprehensive support. This article aims to offer practical advice and insights to help caregivers navigate this journey, including the benefits of professional care which is offered at our East Sussex Care Home.

Understanding Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s disease primarily affects the central nervous system, leading to a range of motor and non-motor symptoms. The most common symptoms include:

  • Tremors: Uncontrollable shaking, usually starting in the hands.
  • Bradykinesia: Slowness of movement.
  • Rigidity: Stiffness in the muscles.
  • Postural Instability: Difficulty maintaining balance and posture.

Non-motor symptoms can include sleep disturbances, depression, anxiety, cognitive impairment, and autonomic dysfunctions such as constipation and blood pressure changes.

Early-Stage Care

In the early stages of Parkinson’s, individuals may still be relatively independent. Caregivers should focus on:

  1. Education: Learn as much as possible about the disease. Understanding symptoms, treatment options, and the progression of Parkinson’s can help in anticipating needs.
  2. Emotional Support: Parkinson’s can be emotionally challenging. Providing emotional support and encouraging open communication can help the person feel understood and less isolated.
  3. Medication Management: Medications play a crucial role in managing symptoms. Help in organising and administering medications to ensure they are taken correctly and on time.

Mid-Stage Care

As Parkinson’s progresses, symptoms become more pronounced, and the individual may require more assistance:

  1. Physical Therapy: Encourage participation in physical therapy to maintain mobility and flexibility. Exercises tailored to Parkinson’s can help manage symptoms and improve quality of life.
  2. Home Modifications: Modify the living environment to ensure safety and accessibility. Install handrails, remove tripping hazards, and consider adaptive equipment like grab bars and shower chairs.
  3. Diet and Nutrition: Ensure a balanced diet rich in fiber to manage digestive issues. It may be necessary to consult with a dietitian.

Late-Stage Care

In the advanced stages of Parkinson’s, the individual may become significantly dependent on their caregiver:

  1. Advanced Care Planning: Discuss advanced care preferences and legal arrangements, such as power of attorney and advance directives, early on.
  2. Mobility Assistance: Provide support with mobility, using aids like wheelchairs or walkers. Ensure safe transfers to prevent falls.
  3. Personal Care: Assist with activities of daily living (ADLs) such as bathing, dressing, and eating. Maintain their dignity and independence as much as possible.

Benefits of Professional Care

As Parkinson’s progresses, professional care may become a viable option for many families. The benefits of professional care like that which is offered at our East Sussex Care Home include:

  1. Specialised Expertise: Our team of professional caregivers are trained in managing Parkinson’s disease and can provide specialised care that addresses both motor and non-motor symptoms.
  2. Consistent Monitoring: In a professional care setting, there is consistent monitoring of the individual’s health, ensuring timely intervention for any complications.
  3. Access to Therapies: Care facilities often have access to physical, occupational, and speech therapy services, which are crucial for managing Parkinson’s symptoms effectively.
  4. Social Interaction: Professional care environments offer opportunities for social interaction with peers, reducing feelings of isolation and promoting emotional well-being. At our East Sussex Care Home we ensure there are plenty of inclusive activities and social events to create a sense of community for all of our residents. 
  5. Respite for Family Caregivers: Utilising professional care can provide family caregivers with much-needed respite, allowing them to rest and attend to their own health and well-being. 
  6. Safety and Security: Professional care facilities like Alfriston Court Care Home are equipped with safety measures to prevent falls and injuries, providing a secure environment for individuals with Parkinson’s.

Emotional and Psychological Support

Caring for someone with Parkinson’s can be emotionally taxing. Caregivers should:

  1. Seek Support: Join support groups for caregivers of people with Parkinson’s. Sharing experiences and advice can provide emotional relief and practical tips.
  2. Take Breaks: Respite care services like we offer at our East Sussex care home can provide temporary relief. Taking regular breaks helps prevent caregiver burnout.
  3. Mental Health: Pay attention to your own mental health. Seek professional help if feelings of depression or anxiety become overwhelming.

Working with Healthcare Providers

Regular communication with healthcare providers is crucial:

  1. Regular Check-ups: Ensure regular visits to neurologists and other specialists. Regular monitoring can help manage symptoms and adjust treatments as needed.
  2. Coordinate Care: Work with a multidisciplinary team including physical therapists, occupational therapists, and speech therapists to address the various aspects of the disease.


Caring for someone with Parkinson’s disease requires patience, compassion, and adaptability. By educating yourself about the disease, providing emotional and practical support, and seeking help when needed, you can improve the quality of life for both the person with Parkinson’s and you. Remember, you are not alone on this journey—there are resources and communities ready to support you every step of the way. 

Professional care can offer significant benefits, providing specialised support and ensuring a safe, engaging environment for your loved one. If you want to consider respite or permanent residential care, Alfriston Court Care Home has specialist Nurses who can talk to you about the benefits. 

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